|Title||The Sea at Etretat|
|Collection||Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery|
|Artist||Jongkind, Johan Barthold (Dutch painter and printmaker, 1819-1891, active in France)|
|Description||The Dutch painter, Jongkind, lived in Normandy 1847-55. The dramatic cliffs at Etretat were a favourite site for artists. Vernet, Isabey, Delacroix, Courbet and Monet were amongst those who worked there during the nineteenth century.
Jongkind was in close touch with the leading French artists and exhibited with members of the Barbizon group whose plein air painting, focussing on light and atmosphere, played an important part in the development of Impressionism. Jongkind in fact painted his oils in the studio on the basis of rapid drawings and watercolours done out-of-doors.
Jongkind's paintings also reveal his Dutch origins. The cool palette of this coastal scene together with the luminous yellow sky on the horizon recall landscapes by seventeenth century Dutch artists such as Aert van der Neer.
|Current Accession Number||1951P127|
|Former Accession Number||P.127´51|
|Inscription||front ll 'Jongkind 1853'|
|Measurements||53.3 x 63.5 cm cm (estimate)|
|Material||oil on canvas|
|Acquisition Details||Given by the Public Picture Gallery Fund 1951.|
|Provenance||Roland Browse & Delbanco.|
|Principal Exhibitions||French Paintings 1815 - 1915, Roland, Browse & Delbanco, 1951, cat. no. 3; Primitives to PicassoRoyal Academy, London, 1962, no. 231; French Impressionism: Treasures of the Midlands, 1991, p. 4; Chemins de l'Impressionisme: Normandie - Paris, 1860 - 1910, Landesmuseum Joanneum Graz, Austria, 1998; The Road to Impressionism: Josephine Bowes and Painting in Nineteenth Century France, Bowes Museum, 2003, pl. 26; Johan Barthold Jongkind, Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, 2003, cat. no. 34 (touring).|
|Publications||'Notable Works of Art now on the Market', Burlington Magazine, vol. (?), December, 1951; Catalogue of Paintings in Birmingham City Museum and Art Gallery, 1960; Hefting, V., Jongkind. Sa vie, son oeuvre, son epoque, 1975, no. 123; Foreign Paintings in Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, A Summary Catalogue, 1983, no. 85, ill.|
|Rights Owner||Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery|
|Author||Dr Patricia Smyth|