|Collection||Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery|
|Artist|| Flemish School
School of Heem, Jan Davidsz. de (Dutch painter, born 1606, died 1683 or 1684)
Previously attributed to school of Beyeren, Abraham van (Dutch painter, born 1620 or 1621, died 1690)
Previously attributed to Dutch School
|Date Earliest||possibly about 1675|
|Date Latest||possibly about 1700|
|Description||The unknown painter was probably influenced by Jan Davidsz. de Heem, the best-known of seventeenth-century still-life and flower painters whose work unified the Dutch and Flemish still-life traditions. Flower paintings were highly appreciated in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Although these images sometimes alluded to the ephemerality of life, the painted blooms could also represent luxury since flower gardens were the preserve of the wealthy. Artists sometimes combined the fruit and flowers of different seasons, and here holly with berries is shown together with tulips and roses.|
|Current Accession Number||K711|
|Subject||still life (flowers)|
|Measurements||58.5 x 48.5 cm cm (estimate)|
|Material||oil on canvas|
|Acquisition Details||Bequeathed by Penraven [?] 1922.|
|Principal Exhibitions||'Loan exhibition' [?] as by Thomas Gainsborough, 1887, cat. 124.|
|Publications||Catalogue of Oil Paintings, City Art Gallery, Bristol, Bristol, 1970, no. K711, p. 150, as by Dutch School; Wright, C., Old Master Paintings in Britain: An Index of Continental Old Master Paintings Executed before about 1800 in Public Collections in the United Kingdom, London, 1976, p. 55, as by Dutch School.|
Affixed to reverse, cutting from a catalogue: 'Sketch of Flowers from Gainsborough's house at Sudbury ... T. Gainsborough. This was exhibited in the loan exhibition of 1887 (No. 124 in Catalogue) as a T. Gainsborough'.
Christopher Wright suggested an attribution to an Antwerp follower of De Heem, 1987 and 1998.
When K711 was conserved in 1951-2, it was noted that the canvas had been cut down.
|Rights Owner||Bristol's Museums, Galleries & Archives|
|Author||Dr Susan Steer|