|Title||The Siege of Troy|
|Collection||Buckinghamshire County Museum, Aylesbury|
|Artist|| Attributed to circle of Caullery, Louis de (Flemish painter, before 1582-after 1621)
Attributed to circle of Toeput, Lodewijk (Flemish painter and printmaker, ca. 1550-ca. 1605, active in Italy)
After Carracci, Agostino (Italian painter, engraver, and draftsman, 1557-1602)
|Date Earliest||possibly about 1610|
|Date Latest||possibly about 1630|
|Description||Louis de Caullery painted several different versions of The Sack of Troy, experimenting with different configurations. This painting shares a number of features with those works. As well as displaying a similar stylistic approach, the same column, towering flames and implausibly proportioned wooden horse are also present in each. Perhaps the most distinctive similarity, however, is Aeneas carrying his father, Anchises. This painting in particular copies the figures, and the rotunda behind them, directly from Agostino Carracci's engraving after Federico Barocci's Aeneas' Flight from Troy, and inserts them into the lower left of this very different composition.|
|Current Accession Number||AYBCM:2007.58.3|
|Subject||mythology (Sack of Troy); figure; animal (horse)|
|Measurements||53 x 68 cm (estimate)|
|Material||oil on panel|
|Acquisition Details||Purchased from Harold William Swithinbank 1936 (included in the purchase of Denham Court).|
|Provenance||Possibly purchased by Thomas Hamlet, Denham Court, Buckinghamshire, about 1813; included in purchase of house by Nathaniel G. Lambert, 1840; included in purchase of house by Harold William Swithinbank, 1885.|
Other versions of the same subject attributed to Louis de Caullery appeared at sales, Sotheby's, London, 18 April 2002, lot 5 as The Sack of Troy; Christie's, London, lot 79, 2 December 1977 as The Siege of Troy; Christie's London, 26 May 1978, lot 47 as The Destruction of Troy; Sotheby's, London, 14 June 1978, lot 31 as Aeneas and his Family Fleeing the Burning Troy.
This painting is one of a group of four, probably by the same artist, including AYBCM: 2007.58. 2, 3 and 4. All four are of the same size and were transferred from Denham Court, a country house in Buckinghamshire, where they acted as over-door panels in the same room. They were not painted for that purpose, however.
Although the four paintings would appear to have been painted by the same artist the other works are arguably more similar to paintings attributed to the circle of Lodewyck Toeput, known as Il Pozzoserrato.
Thomas Hamlet purchased Denham Court in 1813. He was a prominent collector whose bankruptcy in 1840 forced him to sell his assets. His involvement in the history of Denham Court suggests he may have been responsible for the acquisition of these paintings.
The attribution of this painting was made with the assistance of Alastair Laing, who also contributed significantly toward establishing the history of the Denham Court paintings.
|Rights Owner||Buckinghamshire County Museum|
|Author||Dr Anne L. Cowe|