|Title||Portrait of a Man in a Red Hat|
|Collection||Royal Cornwall Museum, Royal Institution of Cornwall, Truro|
|Artist|| Attributed to Italian (Tuscan) School
Previously attributed to Gozzoli, Benozzo (Italian painter, probably born 1421, died 1497)
|Date Earliest||about 1460|
|Date Latest||about 1470|
|Description||A small profile portrait of an unknown man. He wears a giornea (tunic) and a tall red hat. The v-shaped neckline of the giornea is odd, and the red hat seems to have been extended in height - both may be due to over-painting. The panel possibly comprises two pieces conjoined, unusual for a small panel painting. Therefore the panel is possibly a fragment of a larger work.|
|Current Accession Number||TRURI:1924.56|
|Measurements||23.5 x 14.4 cm cm (estimate)|
|Material||tempera (?) on panel|
|Acquisition Details||Given by Alfred A. de Pass 1924.|
|Publications||Penrose, G., Catalogue of Paintings, Drawings and Miniatures in the Alfred A. de Pass Collection, Truro, 1936, cat. no. 32, p. 9, ill., as by Benozzo Gozzoli; Wright, C., Old Master Paintings in Britain: An Index of Continental Paintings Executed Before c. 1800 in Public Collections in the United Kingdom, London, 1976, p. 81, as by Benozzo di Lese Gozzoli.|
The extension to the hat, which was possibly retouched, may well have suggested the previous attribution to Benozzo Gozzoli, who appears in a tall red hat in the famous Medici chapel frescoes. National Gallery curators Luke Syson, Caroline Campbell, and Dillian Gordon agree that the attribution to Gozzoli is unsound.
Alfred A. de Pass (1861-1953) was born in South Africa, where his father and grandfather had established a business empire which included interests in shipping, guano, copper mining and sugar farming. After retiring from the family firm at age 36, Alfred pursued his interest in art collecting. For a period he lived in Cornwall, where he took an active interest in the Truro museum, then called the Royal Institution of Cornwall. In 1917 he was elected Associate of the Institution and in 1920 became its Vice-President. His gifts to the museum between 1914 and 1947 included many works of Western European fine and decorative art, including an important collection of old master drawings, as well as Oriental paintings, ceramics, metal work and textiles. For a list of Mr de Pass' donations of Western European paintings and drawings to the Truro museum up to 1936 see G. Penrose (cited below). He also donated to a number of other museums, including the National Gallery, the Tate, the National Portrait Gallery, Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, the Fitzwilliam, and the South African National Gallery.
Biographies and discussion of Mr de Pass' interests and donations may be found in: Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, The De Pass Collection: Paintings, Furniture, Ceramics etc., Illustrated Catalogue, Bristol, 1936; Popham, A.E., An Exhibition of Drawing from the Alfred A. de Pass Collection belonging to the Royal Institution of Cornwall, Truro, London, 1957; Walker, R., The De Pass Family, unpublished dissertation, Bristol Polytechnic, 1979; Price, B.D., Biographical Notes on Alfred Aaron De Pass (1861-1952) Art Benefactor Extraordinary, Falmouth, 1982; Nail, N., ‘The Cornish curator and the cosmopolitan collector: a note on George Penrose, 1876-1951, and Alfred de Pass, 1861-1953', Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, 1993, New Series II, I, 3, pp. 277-89; Berriman, H., ‘Introduction' in M. Joannides, Exhibition Catalogue of Master Drawing from the De Pass Collection, Royal Cornwall Museum, Truro, London, 1994, pp. 7-11; Tietze, A., The Alfred de Pass Presentation to the South African National Gallery, exhibition catalogue, South African National Gallery, Cape Town, 1995; Irvine, G., and T. Daniel, Japanese Collection, Royal Cornwall Museum, Cornwall, 2001.
|Rights Owner||Royal Cornwall Museum, Royal Institution of Cornwall, Truro|
|Author||Dr Susan Steer|