|Collection||The Collection: Art and Archaeology in Lincolnshire (Usher Gallery, Lincoln)|
|Artist|| Attributed to Onofri, Crescenzio (Italian landscapist, after 1632-after 1712)
Previously attributed to Bril, Paul (Flemish landscapist and fresco painter, 1554-1626, active in Rome)
Previously attributed to Dughet, Gaspard (French landscape painter, 1615-1675, active in Italy)
Previously attributed to Mulier, Pieter, the younger (Dutch painter, ca. 1637-1701)
|Date Earliest||about 1660|
|Date Latest||about 1720|
|Description||This is one of a pair of classical landscapes which are now attributed to Crescenzio Onofrio. The artist spent his early life in Rome training under the French painter Gaspard Dughet, whose popular oeuvre comprises carefully composed landscapes similar to this one by his pupil. Onofrio spent the later part of his life in Florence where he worked for the Grand Duke Ferdinand. His landscapes, which are also indebted to Claude Lorrain, were particularly popular in the eighteenth century, when many were purchased by Grand Tourists and brought to England.|
|Current Accession Number||LCNUG:1927.2252|
|Subject||animal (dog, horse); landscape; figure; everyday life|
|Measurements||177.0 x 236 cm.0 cm (estimate)|
|Material||oil on canvas|
|Acquisition Details||Given by J. Hermaine Smith 1950?|
|Provenance||Probably bought in Palermo by A. Boyce (or Royce[?]) Melville of Branston, Lincoln, about 1830; sold by Phillips, Bond Street, to Thomas Rickette (or Ricketty[?]) of The House, Bristol; Messrs R. E. Hiscocke of Preston.|
|Publications||Wright, C., Old Master Paintings in Britain: An Index of Continental Old Master Paintings Executed before c.1800 in Public Collections in the United Kingdom, London, 1976, p. 244, as by Mulier the younger.|
Related work, inv. no.: LCNUG:1927/2251.
The chronology of previous owners is uncertain, as is the exact date of the donation; the paintings were probably given to the gallery in 1950, although other records indicate an earlier date, or instead 1955-56.
Thomas Rickette, a previous owner, believed that this landscape and its companion were the work of Gaspard Dughet. After seeing the paintings in 1963, Michael Compton of the Ferens Gallery supported the attribution to Dughet, although he suggested that the figures might be the work of another artist. Correspondence in the Usher archive records an attribution to Paul Bril (1972). The attribution to Mulier was made by Clovis Whitfield of Agnews and Sons (correspondence, 1972). Michael Levey agreed with Whitfield's suggestion (correspondence, 1973). The attribution to Onofrio was possibly made by Marcel Roethlisberger, of Geneva University (correspondence, 1977). Roethlisberger also suggested Francesco Maria Bassi the Elder, il Cremonese.
|Rights Owner||The Collection: Art and Archaeology in Lincolnshire|
|Author||Dr Angela Smith|