|Title||Portrait of Arthur Capel, First Earl Essex of the Seventh Creation|
|Artist||Attributed to circle of Lely, Peter (Dutch painter and draftsman, 1618-1680, active in England)|
|Date Earliest||about 1665|
|Date Latest||about 1683|
|Description||This painting is a variant of a larger three-quarter length portrait of Arthur Capel first Earl of Essex (1631-1683). The sitter turns to his right to look out at the viewer. His hair and collar are painted with loose brush-strokes which are continued in the tree-trunk behind the sitter. This brings a softness to the portrait which combines with the composition to create a sense of intimacy, emphasised by Arthur Capel's direct gaze.|
|Current Accession Number||WATMC:2004.468|
|Subject||portrait (Capel, Arthur, First Earl of the Seventh Creation); landscape|
|Measurements||58.3 x 41 cm.0 cm (estimate)|
|Material||oil on canvas (laid on panel)|
|Acquisition Details||Bequeathed by Nona Isobel, Countess of Essex, 1997.|
|Provenance||Probably commissioned from the artist by Arthur Capel, first Earl of Essex, - 1683; by descent to the Countess of Essex.|
|Publications||Harwood, L. B., Portraits of the Earls of Essex, their Wives and Children in the Watford Museum, Watford 2001, cat. no. 2, pp.12-14.|
The larger, three-quarter-length portrait by Lely, of which this is a variant, was sold at Christie's, 12 April 1991.
For seventeenth-century costume, see: Boucher, F., A History of Costume in the West, trans. J. Ross, London, 2004, pp. 251-74, ill. nos. 632, 643.
|Rights Owner||Watford Museum|