|Title||Landscape with Figures and Sheep|
|Collection||Williamson Art Gallery and Museum, Birkenhead|
|Artist|| Circle of Zuccarelli, Franco (Italian painter, 1702-1788)
Previously attributed to Zuccarelli, Franco (Italian painter, 1702-1788)
|Date Earliest||possibly 1760|
|Date Latest||probably 1800|
|Description||This painting is considered to be by a follower of the successful Italian landscape painter, Francesco Zuccarelli. It was probably painted by someone associated with the artist rather than being a later work, a conclusion supported by several pieces of information. Although during his lifetime Zuccarelli's paintings were extremely popular in England, after his death in 1774 people began to criticise the frivolity and extravagance of his idealised classical landscapes. Furthermore, provenance information found on the back of the painting demonstrates that by 1816 the work was owned by an English politician and army major who died in India.|
|Current Accession Number||BIKGM:1328|
|Subject||landscape; figure; animal (cows, dog, sheep)|
|Measurements||69.4 x 108.7 cm cm (estimate)|
|Material||oil on canvas|
|Acquisition Details||Purchased from E. H. Ward via Corkhill & Jones 1928.|
|Provenance||Major Downes, before 1816; purchased by Major Hamilton, 1816; given to Rev. G. D. Cullan; E. H. Ward by 1928.|
|Publications||Wright, C., Old Master Paintings in Britain, London, 1976, pp. 226, 232 with incorrect provenance information.|
Front on frame plaque lc 'Francesco Zuccarelli 1702-1788'. Reverse uc on frame Williamson Art Gallery label, inv. 1328 1928; on stretcher cc handwitten label, fragment '[...] Major D'; lc on strecher handwritten piece of paper 'Landscape by Blu[ ...] better known as Zucarelli. It was given to Rev. G. D. [Cullan?] by Major Hamilton who bought it at the sale of Major Downe's effects when he died in India in 1816'.
Attributed to possibly a British follower of Zuccarelli by Martin Royalton-Kisch, Assistant Keeper of Fine Art, Manchester City Art Gallery, February 1982.
Major Downes is recorded as an undertaker and Major of the Volunteers in an 1806 Gillray print entitled View of the Hustings in Covent Garden, National Portrait Gallery, London, NPG D12883. Purchased in 1928 for £5.50.
|Rights Owner||Williamson Art Gallery & Museum, Birkenhead; Wirral Museums Service|
|Author||Dr Phillippa Plock|