|Collection||Artworld: Oriental Museum|
|Date||1700 - 1725 CE|
|Description||Kidney-shaped jade boulder mountain and landscape, carved with a scene depicting the three Daoist stellar gods of longevity, prosperity and happiness. The three Immortals stand on a small terrace beneath a flight of steps leading up to a temple high up on the mountain. Below the terrace are four pilgrims to the sacred mountain shrine paying homage to them. The boulder is carved on all sides with rocky outcrops and pine trees; there is a town carved on one side and two deer on the back of the boulder.
The jade is celadon-green with some russet markings.
|Id Number Current Accession||1960.2205|
|Id Number Former Accession||H2205|
|Location Creation Site||Zhonghua|
|Location Current Repository||The Oriental Museum|
|Subject||sculpture in the round|
|Measurements||14 x 20.5 x 12 cm|
|Context||Jade stone carvings in the form of imaginary three-dimensional mountains became highly fashionable during the reign of the Qing Emperor Qianlong. Most of them featured Daoist Immortals with symbols of long life, such as deer, crane and pine trees. Because of their early cosmological associations and remoteness, mountains were seen as spiritual and supernatural. They were places of retreat and favoured as the ideal site for monasteries and temples.|
|Relation References||1983. Chinese Art at Durham. Arts of Asia, 1983, vol. 13, no. 6, p. 104-105|
|Rights||Oriental Museum, University of Durham, Durham, 2002. All Rights reserved|
|Style Period||Qing Dynasty, Kangxi|