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Title A Man Leaning on a Spade
Alternative Title An Apostle
Collection Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle
Artist Attributed to school of Dyck, Anthony van (Flemish painter, 1599-1641, active in England)
Previously attributed to school of Rembrandt van Rijn (Dutch painter, draftsman and printmaker, 1606-1669)
Previously attributed to Flemish School
Date Earliest possibly about 1600
Date Latest possibly about 1700
Description This representation of an elderly bearded man wearing a long tunic and holding a spade can be associated with the series of paintings of apostles which proliferated in the Netherlands following the success of apostle series by Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony Van Dyck. They followed a tradition established in Netherlandish painting and printmaking. The success of these series can be explained in that they were not only religious images, but also collections of types of male physiognomy and emotional expression that appealed to contemporary collectors.
Current Accession Number B.M.169
Subject figure; religion (apostle)
Measurements 61.5 x 54.5 cm (estimate)
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Bequeathed by the founders John and Joséphine Bowes 1885.
Provenance Purchased by John and Joséphine Bowes from the heirs of Mme Kinsoen, as school of Rembrandt.
Notes According to Susan Barnes: 'There are dozens of panels with Van Dyck-type apostles, usually identical in size and often bearing marks of the Antwerp panel makers on the back [...] The immediate inspiration for Van Dyck's apostles is none other than Rubens, who had produced a series of Christ and the Apostles about ten years earlier , c. 1610-12 [...] A series of apostles is a 'collection' of types of male physiognomy and of emotional expression, a concept that accorded with the encyclopaedic interest of art collectors.' See Barnes, S. et al., Van Dyck: A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings, New Haven, 2004.
Rights Owner The Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, Co. Durham
Author Dr Mercedes Cerón; Dr Howard Coutts




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