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Title Portrait of Anne of Austria
Collection Cooper Gallery, Barnsley
Artist Attributed to manner of Champaigne, Phillippe de (French painter and draftsman, 1602-1674)
Date Earliest possibly 1643
Date Latest possibly 1660
Description The portrait depicts Anne of Austria possibly in mourning for her husband, Louis XIII, who died in 1643, thus helping to dating the picture. Anne wore mourning colours for an unusually short period of time unlike other Queen's Consorts such as Catherine De Medici. An alternative date has been suggested based on the costume to 1660.
Current Accession Number CP/TR 130
Former Accession Number 227
Subject portrait (Anne of Austria)
Measurements 57.5 x 45.5 cm (estimate)
Material oil on panel
Acquisition Details Bequeathed by Samuel Joshua Cooper 1913.
Publications Cooper Art Gallery Barnsley Catalogue, Barnsley, about 1935; Cooper Art Gallery Catalogue, Barnsley, 1958.

Attributed to Phillippe de Champaigne by David A. H. Taylor of the University of Edbinurgh, based on similarities with a portrait engraving held by the Castanza Library at the University of Texas.

Samuel Joshua Cooper (1830-1913) was born in Barnsley, Yorkshire. He was the son of a prosperous colliery owner and linen manufacturer. On the death of his father he inherited a considerable fortune, leading to his early retirement. He lived primarily at Mount Vernon, near Barnsley but also owned Cowick Hall, near Snaith, where part of his collection was also kept. Between 1862 and 1912 he formed the collection now at the Cooper Art Gallery, Barnsley. Several nineteenth-century French and Italian paintings were acquired by Cooper during his frequent visits to Europe. He bought these either from dealers or from the annual official exhibitions and salons held in these countries. Several works are also known to have come from a local dealer, Edmund Bates in Leeds. Although it is known that he acquired the majority of nineteenth-century works between 1862 and 1891, as these are detailed and recorded in a notebook written by him dated 1891, it is not known when he purchased the old master paintings and, therefore, he may have either inherited them from his father or acquired them after the notebook was written.

The original bequest comprised 275 paintings and drawings, over half of which were continental. There are a number of Dutch old master paintings of a high quality, but it is the French works that predominate in the collection. These are in the main works by academic Salon painters but also include a number of examples by Diaz and Isabey, painters from the Barbizon School. On his death Cooper bequeathed the paintings to a board of trustees with the provision that they establish a public art gallery in Barnsley.

Rights Owner Published by kind permission of the Cooper Gallery Trustees
Author Alastair Smith




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