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Title Madonna and Child, with Saint John
Collection Culture and Sport Glasgow (Museums): Pollok House
Artist Murillo, Bartolomé Estebán (Spanish painter and draftsman, 1618-1682)
Date Earliest about 1645
Date Latest about 1650
Description The Virgin, here shown in a yellow-toned white dress with colourful blue-green drapery, is traditionally known as La Serrana - the mountain peasant. The Child in this picture by the one of the best-known Spanish painters, Bartolomé Estebán Murillo, is wrapped in a cloth with a gay fringe such as Spanish peasants wore. From the left, dressed in sheepskin, St John approaches with a reed cross and a bird. According to Murillo's will and codicil, his daughter Francisca took orders during the 1670s in the same convent for which this picture appears to have been painted.
Current Accession Number PC.63
Subject figure; religion (Virgin and Child, St John)
Measurements 160.7 x 109.2 cm cm (estimate)
Material oil on canvas
Acquisition Details Given by Mrs Anne Maxwell Macdonald 1967.
Provenance '... formerly in the Church of the Convent de la Madre de Dios, at Seville' (Waagen); acquired in 1838 by J. M. Escasenza; acquired from him, probably between 1842 and 1859 for Sir William Stirling Maxwell (documented in his collection in 1896); by descent to his son Sir John Stirling Maxwell; by descent to his daughter Mrs Anne Maxwell Macdonald.
Principal Exhibitions Art Treasures of the United Kingdom, Manchester, 1857, cat. no. 637; Exhibition of Spanish Art, New Gallery, London, 1895-99, cat. no. 53; National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1922; Exhibition of Spanish Paintings from El Greco to Goya, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1951, cat. no. 31, as 'Rather an early work, perhaps about 1645/50', by Murillo; European Old Masters Art Treasures Centenary Exhibition, City of Manchester Art Gallery, 1957, cat. no. 129; Paintings from Pollok House, Glasgow Art Gallery and Museum, 1960-61; Paintings from Glasgow Art Gallery: A Loan Exhibition of the National Art-Collections Fund, Wildenstein, London, 1980, cat. no. 21.
Publications Stirling Maxwell, Sir W., Annals of the Artists of Spain, London, 1848, vol. 3, p. 1423; Waagen, G. F., Galleries and Cabinets of Art in Great Britain ... Forming a Supplemental Volume to the Treasures of Art in Great Britain, London, 1857, p. 449, as Murillo; Curtis, C. B., Velazquez and Murillo: A Description and Historical Catalogue of the works, London and New York, 1883, no. 155; Caw, J. L., Catalogue of Pictures at Pollok House, Glasgow, 1936, p. 18, no. 22; Harris, E., 'Spanish Painting from Morales to Goya in the National Gallery of Scotland', Burlington Magazine, no. 583, vol. 93, October 1951, p. 314; The Stirling Maxwell Collection Pollok House, Corporation of Glasgow: Museum and Art Galleries Department, c.1967, p. 40, no. 63; Angulo Iñiguez, D., Murillo: Su vida, su arte, su obra, Madrid, 1981, vol. 2: 'Catàlogo crìtico', no. 181, p. 168, and vol. 3: 'Làminas', pl. 29.
Notes Labels, marks etc. on back are documented as follows: ul on canvas, in chalk: 'May 26/48/ 28', printed label: 'Gang forward', lr: chalk: '93', ll in black, over remains of Sir W. Stirling's writing '800', remains of W. Stirling Maxwell's notes, no longer legible, apart from 'M. Backenbury' (?, probably refers to Sir J. M. Brackenbury's sale, Christie's, 26 May 1848, see Curtis 155b), uc of frame printed label 'r[?]an no 1/ Maclure/ Property of Mrs. A. Maxwell Donald', ul of stretcher typo label: 'Sir John Stirling Maxwell ...', cl of stretcher ink label 'Keir House Dunblane', printed label of Art Treasures exhibition 1857, inscription in ink: 'Taylor 35' and '380', lc of stretcher in red ink no. '39', lc of stretcher printed label: 'Archibald Stirling Esq., Keir Dunbare, Perthshire ... (rest covered)', ll of frame no. in ink '9', tc of stretcher stamped '7 Leedham/ ...'; a small circular label that reads 'Sir JS Maxwell/ Framed. 13/4/96' (ie: 1896) is now conserved in the museum's picture files.
Rights Owner Culture and Sport Glasgow (Museums)
Author Dr Heiner Krellig




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